1652 - Massachusetts declared itself an independent commonwealth.
1776 - The Virginia constitution was adopted and Patrick Henry was made governor.
1804 - Privates John Collins and Hugh Hall of the Lewis and Clark Expedition were found guilty by a court-martial consisting of members of the Corps of Discovery for getting drunk on duty. Collins received 100 lashes on his back and Hall received 50.
1888 - Professor Frederick Treves performed the first appendectomy in England.
1897 - The Chicago Cubs scored 36 runs in a game against Louisville, setting a record for runs scored by a team in a single game.
1925 - Marvin Pipkin filed for a patent for the frosted electric light bulb.
1941 - Joe DiMaggio got a base hit in his 42nd consecutive game. He broke George Sisler's record from 1922.
1953 - The Federal Highway Act authorized the construction of 42,500 miles of freeway from coast to coast.
1956 - Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller were married. They were divorced on January 20, 1961.
1987 - Vincent Van Gogh’s "Le Pont de Trinquetaille" was bought for $20.4 million at an auction in London, England.
2007 - The Apple iPhone went on sale.