1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.
1805 - Aaron Burr visited New Orleans with plans to establish a new country, with New Orleans as the capital city.
1845 - China granted Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the United States.
1850 - In Worcester, MA, Harvard and Yale University freshmen met in the first intercollegiate billiards match.
1850 - Gold was discovered in the Rogue River in Oregon.
1861 - The Crittenden Resolution, which called for the American Civil War to be fought to preserve the Union and not for slavery, was passed by the U.S. Congress.
1866 - Ulysses S. Grant was named General of the Army. He was the first American officer to hold the rank.
1868 - The U.S. Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming Territory.
1871 - Seth Wheeler patented perforated wrapping paper.
1941 - The U.S. government froze all Japanese and Chinese assets.
1946 - Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis staged their first show as a team at Club 500 in Atlantic City, NJ.
1952 - Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the U.S.
1978 - Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Red's broke the National League record for consecutive base hits as he got a hit in 38 straight games.
1987 - The Salt Lake City Trappers set a professional baseball record as the team won its 29th game in a row.
1998 - The USS Harry S. Truman was commissioned and put into service by the U.S. Navy.
1998 - U.S. President Clinton was subpoenaed to appear before a federal grand jury regarding the Monica Lewinsky case. The subpoena was withdrawn when Clinton agreed to give videotaped testimony with his lawyers present.
1999 - Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France. He was only the second American to win the race. He won the race again in 2000.
2000 - A supersonic Concorde crashed outside Paris, France, killing all 109 people aboard and 5 on the ground.