1859 - In London, Big Ben went into operation. The name Big Ben initially referred to the bell inside the tower but later came to refer to the tower.
1870 - E.J. DeSemdt patented asphalt.
1879 - New York's Madison Square Garden opened.
1884 - Dr. John Harvey Kellogg patented "flaked cereal."
1907 - The first taxis arrived in New York City. They were the first in the United States.
1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) held its first conference.
1941 - The first issue of the still popular "Parade: The Weekly Picture Newspaper" went on sale.
1955 - The U.S. Supreme Court ordered that all states must end racial segregation "with all deliberate speed."
1977 - The trans-Alaska oil pipeline was finished after 3 years of construction.
1995 - Bob Dole singled out Time Warner for "the marketing of evil" in movies and music. Dole later admitted that he had not seen or heard much of what he had been criticizing.
2003 - In North Carolina, Eric Robert Rudolph was captured. He had been on the FBI's 10 Most Wanted list for five years for several bombings including the 1996 Olympic bombing.