WASHINGTON (CNNMoney) — The U.S. Postal Service is aggressively chasing the package delivery business.
Just this week it announced a deal to deliver packages on Sundays for Amazon in New York and Los Angeles for the holiday season. And in what appears to be a direct challenge to rivals United Postal Service and Fed Ex, the postal service said Wednesday it will start offering 10:30 a.m. priority mail express delivery, which can ensure delivery in one, two or three days, for an extra $5 fee in January.
The Postal Service saw 8% growth in package delivery in 2013, said Joseph Corbett, chief financial officer, posting its best year since the beginning of the recession.
While the agency lost money for the fiscal year ending Sept. 30, its bottom line was buoyed by an improving U.S. economy, an increase in package delivery and a lot of political junk mail sent in October and early November of 2012.
The agency said Friday that it lost $5 billion in the fiscal year ending Sept. 30, far less than in recent years. In 2012, it reported a $16 billion loss. The last time the Postal Service posted better numbers was in 2008, when it only lost $1.7 billion.
And Postmaster General Patrick Donahoe said at a meeting of the Postal Board on Friday he expects even more growth in package delivery during the upcoming holiday season.
However, the Postal Service still faces massive challenges and it's seeking help from Congress.
Also, despite an election year bump in mail volume, 2 billion fewer pieces of mail were sent in 2013 compared to 2012, the agency reported.
Corbett pointed out that its total liabilities of $61.5 billion outstripped its $21.6 billion in assets by $40 billion.
"This growth (in package delivery and junk mail) cannot make up the continuing decline of first class mail or make up the $40 billion hole we're in," Corbett said.
The agency's losses in 2013 were mostly due to the $5.6 billion it owes to the federal government to prefund health care benefits for future retirees. The agency defaulted on that payment this year, so the loss was an accounting loss. The agency is hoping Congress will ease the mandate that it makes such large payments each year.
The agency is considered financially independent in that it doesn't generally use taxpayer dollars, but it has exhausted a $15 billion line of credit from the U.S. Treasury because of its prefunding mandate.
In an effort to cut costs, the postal service offered several rounds of retirement incentive packages, and more than 37,400 employees retired over the past year. The Postal Service hasn't been this lean, in terms of employees that qualify for full benefits, since the 1960s.
The agency is also trying to raise revenue by increasing the price of stamps.
If its regulatory panel gives the green light, mailing a letter would cost three cents more, or 49 cents, starting in January. The price of sending a postcard would also go up by a cent to 34 cents. The rate hikes are expected to raise $2 billion for the cash-strapped organization.
The panel will consider the price hikes at a meeting next Tuesday.
Starting Jan. 26, priority express mail would be $19.99, a 4 cent hike. And the cost to mail a flat rate box would be $44.95, up $5. The commission would have to sign off on all of these moves.
Last January, the Postal Service raised the price of a first-class mail stamp by 1 cent to 46 cents.